Bali Island is located between Java Island and West Nusa Tenggara Island. The island has an area of 5,636km². The island of Bali in the east is bordered by the Lombok Strait and West Nusa Tenggara Island. While in the West it is bordered by the Bali Strait and East Java Province. In the north, it borders the Bali Sea and in the south, it borders the Indonesian Ocean.
The island has a tropical climate with rainfall around 127mm per month and temperatures ranging from 24°-38° C. It consists of two seasons, dry starting from April to September while rainy starting from October to March. It is surrounded by active and inactive mountains, in the middle, there is a large lake, consisting of several small islands around it.
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The first inhabitants who migrated from Asia arrived in the island of Bali approximately in 2500 BC. Prehistoric times then ended with the arrival of Hindus from India in 100 BC.
In the era of the Majapahit kingdom, almost all the archipelago were Hindu but as Islam came, the Islamic kingdom in the archipelago was established which caused the collapse of Majapahit around 1500. Many Hindus fled from Java to Bali.
The Balinese province with Denpasar as its capital city is also famous for its majority Hindu population and the people still practice their belief despite the fast development and modernization. The island is also known as the Island of Gods or “Pulau Dewata” because of its strong Hindu culture. People can see many offerings offered to guardian deities in various places in Bali. The gods tend to be compared to the guardian spirits of certain places, very similar to the concept of guardian angels or even the guardian jinn in Abrahamic religion, such as Islam, Christianity, and also Judaism.
The population of Bali is about 4 million or more, with a majority of 83.5% embracing Hinduism. Other religions are Islam (13.37%), Protestant Christianity (1.66%), Catholicism (0.88%), Buddhism (0.54%), Confucianism (0.01%), and Beliefs (0.01%).
Apart from the tourism sector, the Balinese population also lives off agriculture and fisheries. Some also choose to be an artist. The most popular thing from the agriculture in Bali is the Subak system. There are several languages used in Bali such as Balinese, Indonesian, and English particularly used by those who work in the tourism sector.
Read more: Bali culture article here.
There are different types of transportation that you can use to visit Bali. The most popular one is the airplane. This transportation is the most frequently used by tourists. The Ngurah Rai Airport is an international airport which is the air entrance to Bali Island. People can use domestic or international direct or non-stop flights.
There are a lot of countries serve direct flights to Bali. So far, there are 51 countries including:
Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Taiwan, Hongkong, South Korea, Japan, China, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Russia, France, UK, US, Italy, Germany, Netherland, Portugal, Spain, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium, Poland, Austria, Ireland, Switzerland, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Qatar, Iran, Kuwait, Bahrain, Maldives, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, and Hawaii.
Countries that serve non-stop flights to Bali, including:
Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Vietnam, China, Japan, Hongkong, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, UAE, and Qatar.
While domestic flights to Bali, are served by the following cities:
Ujung Pandang, Kupang, Mataram, Maumere, Labuanbajo, Jakarta, Bima, Ende, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Semarang, Tambolaka, Waingapu, Tembagapura, kertajati, Malang, Bandar Lampung, Batam, Belitung, Banda Aceh, Bengkulu, Gorontalo, Jambi, Tasikmalaya, Pontianak, Banjarmasin, Palangkaraya, Balikpapan, Samarinda, Tarakan, Ternate, Bima, Jayapura, Dumai, Pekanbaru, Makassar, Palopo, Palu, Baubau, Kendari, Manado, Padang, Palembang, Medan, Padang Sidempuan, and Sibolga.
In addition to an airplane, you can also use a ferry to get to Bali.
If you leave from the Island of Java, you can stop at Banyuwangi and take the ferry from the Ketapang Port. This port connects Java to Bali via sea transportation or through the Bali Strait. The ferry will take you to Gilimanuk Port in Bali. Roro Ferry Boat crossing from the Ketapang Port of Banyuwangi to the Gilimanuk port of Bali and vice versa is every day from Monday to Sunday every 30 minutes – once an hour. The ferry fare from Ketapang to Gilimanuk for an adult is IDR 6,500 and for children IDR 4,500. If you use a motorcycle, the fare is IDR 24,000 or 37,000 depending on the type of motorcycle. Meanwhile, for a car, the fare is IDR 159,000.
Indonesian government allows foreign yachts to enter Indonesian waters. President Joko Widodo on September 22, 2015 has signed Presidential Regulation No. 105 the Year 2015, concerning Foreign Tourist Yachts Visit to Indonesia. A foreign yacht is foreign-flagged water transportation equipment which is used by tourists themselves to travel or conduct water races, both those that are driven by wind power and/or mechanical power and are used only for non-commercial activities.
There are 18 entry and exit ports as specified in this Presidential Regulation. You can check the list of the port here.
To enter Bali, the citizens of some countries are not required to obtain a visa, others can obtain visa upon arrival and the rest need to apply for the visa before visiting Bali.
You should check the complete Bali Visa and Immigration guide article here.
But here are the types of visa offered by the government of Indonesian for foreign visitors.
To explore Bali you can choose a motorcycle, car, online transportation or public transportation. Check here at Bali transportation guide.
To avoid the hassle, you can book a tour package. There are a lot of travel agencies in Bali offering tour package. You won’t need to arrange things, let the staff do the work. However, make sure you do the research before selecting a travel agency to avoid mistakes.
If you know how to ride a motorcycle, you can rent one while you are in Bali. This motorcycle rental place is usually open from 07.00 am – 10.00 pm, with rental rates starting from IDR 50,000 to 100,000. You can rent daily or weekly.
To avoid getting fined by the police, you need to wear a helmet and it is also for your safety. Another requirement is a license. To drive a motorcycle, you are required to have a license.
If you come with your friends or family member, you can rent a car with or without a driver. For self rent car, you need to have an international license. If you rent a car without a driver, the rent rate starts from at least IDR 300,000 a day. If you rent a car with a driver, you may have to pay IDR 600,000 a day.
There are two major online transportations in Indonesia which also serve in Bali, Gojek and Grab. You can choose between motorcycle, and car. To book, you need to install the application first.
Bali has public transportation, such as a bus called Trans Sarbagita, a minibus called Bus Kura-Kura, dokar or horse carriage, mini shuttle bus called Komotra, and conventional taxi.
Being known as a popular tourist destination, Bali has never failed to please anyone who visits. The island has many things to offer to those to visit. There are astonishing beaches, world-class surfing spots, diving and snorkeling heaven, world winning spas, beautiful terraced paddy fields, rich and unique cultures, adrenaline rush adventure, delicious local food, and not to mention popular shopping spots.
The latest Bali information can be found at Bali category here.
If you are looking forward to escaping from your routine and indulging yourself, look no further but the tropical beauty of Bali. Enjoy!Share this tour
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